ADULT PROTECTION SERVICES
REPORTING AN ADULT PROTECTION REPORT
IF YOU SUSPECT MALTREATMENT OF A VULNERABLE ADULT CALL THE TOLL FREE MN ADULT ABUSE REPORTING CENTER (MAARC) HOTLINE
In an emergency call 911
Identifying who is a Vulnerable Adult (VA) and what is maltreatment can be challenging for many different reasons. The following information may assist you in understanding vulnerable adult maltreatment reporting.
Who is a Vulnerable Adult?
Categorical Vulnerable Adult:
- Any person 18 years of age or older who is a:
- Resident of an inpatient facility, regulated by the State of Minnesota, or
- Receives services from a facility, regulated by the State of Minnesota, or
- Recipient of home care services regulated by the State of Minnesota.
Functional Vulnerable Adult:
- A person 18 years of age or older who, regardless of residence or services, has an impairment or disability and because of this impairment has:
- An impaired ability to meet basic needs without assistance, including the provision of food, shelter, clothing, health care, or supervision, and
- An impaired ability to protect themselves from maltreatment.
How is maltreatment defined?
- Physical: Hitting, slapping, kicking, pinching, biting, or corporal punishment
- Emotional: Repeated or malicious oral, written or gestured language or treatment that would be considered disparaging, derogatory, humiliating, harassing, or threatening.
- Mental: Unauthorized aversive/deprivation procedures; unreasonable confinement/seclusion
- Sexual: Criminal sexual conduct 1st – 5th degrees
- Involuntary Servitude: Forcing, compelling, coercing or enticing a vulnerable adult to provide services for the advantage of another; and use of drugs to facilitate a crime.
- Failure or omission to provide for basic needs: food, clothing, shelter, medical care, or supervision
- Absence of care or services essential to maintain health and safety
- Neglect may be by a caregiver or self neglect
- Person has a fiduciary relationship: guardian/conservator/power of attorney/ joint account/ contract/ documented consent/ etc. and there is unauthorized expenditure of funds or failure to use funds for the VA and resulting or likely to result in detriment to VA.
- Person has no fiduciary relationship and:
-willfully uses / withholds/ disposes of funds/ property of VA
-Obtains for self or another services to the detriment of the VA
-Acquires possession /control / interest in VA’s property / funds through harassment / undue influence / duress / deception / fraud and,
-Forces /compels / coerces / entices VA to perform services for another’s advantage.
When Grant County receives a report it is screened by a multidisciplinary team utilizing tools designed by the State of Minnesota to determine if the person is first vulnerable and second if the allegation meets one of the maltreatment criteria’s. The trained Grant County Social Service Adult Protection Social Worker works closely with Law Enforcement when appropriate and focuses on offering and setting protective services.
For additional information see the Department of Human Services Webpage on Adult Protective Services. https://mn.gov/dhs/people-we-serve/seniors/services/adult-protection/