Adult Protection

A vulnerable adult is any person, 18 years of age of older, who receives services from a licensed health care facility or home care or personal care assistance provider in Minnesota, or who requires assistance to provide for his or her own care. This person also is unable or unlikely to report maltreatment because of a physical or mental limitation.

A vulnerable adult is a victim of maltreatment when she or he is subjected to abuse, – physical or sexual; Neglect – caregiver or self; and Financial Exploitation.  There are three basic types of maltreatment; 1) Abuse-Physical, Emotional and Sexual, 2) Neglect-Caregiver Neglect or Self Neglect and 3) Financial Exploitation.  

Minnesota Statute, Chapter 626, Section 626.557 defines adults who are in need of protection and vulnerable to various forms of abuse or neglect.  An example of a specific services that might be obtained for the person is a Guardian/Conservator that is court appointed to act in the best interested of the vulnerable adult.  

For Adult Maltreatment Reports Only:  Effective 8:00 am on July 1st, 2015
For reporting suspected maltreatment of a vulnerable adult call the State-Wide Common Entry Point at 844-880-1574.  The number is toll-free for the general public and answered 24/7.

Website access is also available for mandated reporters on the DHS Website.

For more information click here.

Signs of Adult Maltreatment


  1. Who are At-Risk Adults?
  2. Abuse
  3. Neglect
  4. Exploitation

A Functionally Vulnerable Adult --must meet 3 criteria:

  • Exhibit behaviors, signs or symptoms of and paired mental, physical or emotional ability.  The impairment may be diagnosed condition were observed symptoms or behaviors( e.g. , chronic and/ or escalating forgetfulness, inability to regulate mood, violence toward self or others, difficulty ambulating)
  • The impairment must have a significantly negative impact on the adult's ability to care for him/herself or to direct his/her own care.  This criterion may be met through information/observations that indicate that the adult is unable to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), and is unable to make provisions to have these needs met through other means
  • The impairment and related needs for assistance must also rented the adult unable to protect him/herself from maltreatment.  This criterion may be met through information that the adult is able to report or escape ill-treatment

A Categorically Vulnerable Adult:

  • you don't was a resident or inpatient of the facility or received license services or services from a person or organization that exclusively offers provides or arranges for personal care assistance services under the medical assistant program (MN Statute 626.5572, subd. 21 [a] [1-3]}.  Exclude outpatient services for treatment of chemical dependency or mental illness and inpatient services provided through the Minnesota sex offender program on a court-hold order or commitment, or to persons committed as sexual psychopathic personalities or sexually dangerous persons under Chapter 253B

Not a Vulnerable Adult:

  • the individual named in the current report does not meet the definition for a functionally or categorically vulnerable adult